Forage sorghum: Single-cut, high-moisture feed Traditionally the term “forage sorghum” has been a catch-all phrase for the different sorghum products used for feed or forage. 1 GRAIN SORGHUM MARKET VALUE CHAIN PROFILE 2012 Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Directorate Marketing Private Bag X 15 Arcadia 0007 Tel: 012 319 8455/6 Fax: 012 319 8131 Email: MogalaM@daff That said, interest in using it for human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile ( 1 ). Ajinomoto Animal Nutrition Europe and EAAP are supporting this project, Origin USA, ex port of delivery (Brest, France), Origin France, conventional farming, ex field, Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency, Origin USA, conventional farming, ex field, Origin USA, conventional farming, ex storage agency, NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal), NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ), Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001, Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001, Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig, Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig, Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry, Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry, Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry, Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry, Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry, Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear). Numerous studies over the last 30 years have shown the nutritional value of sorghum grain is 95 to 98 percent that of corn. In North America, sorghum is commonly used in animal feed and ethanol fuel production. After the grain is harvested, milo stalks can be put in windrows and baled. Sorghum is the smart choice for animal agriculture for numerous reasons. Sorghum is an excellent source of riboflavin, Vitamin B6, thiamin and minerals such as iron, potassium, manganese and magnesium. Yes, grain sorghum (milo) stalks can be mechanically harvested for hay. This energy mostly comes from fibres rather than starch (mostly for BMR sorghums). Sorghum is successfully used as a substitute for maize as an energy source. After the grain is harvested, milo stalks can be put in windrows and baled. Grain sorghums (highly digestible and rich in starch) have the same features as … %PDF-1.5 %���� A true forage sorghum generally has little regrowth potential, making it ideal for single-cut, high-moisture harvest situations such as baleage or silage; a great alternative to corn silage in some environments. It is cultivated worldwide in warmer climates and is an important food crop in semi-arid tropical areas of Africa, Asia and Central America. However, some sorghum varieties and hybrids which were developed to deter birds are less palatable due to tannins and phenolic compounds in the seed. In ruminant animals such as cattle, sheep and goats, sorghum is used primarily as a carbohydrate (energy) source and protein is supplemented in the form of alfalfa, soybean meal, etc. Sorghum is a popular animal feed as well as an emerging biofuel. Sorghum Market Size, Industry Analysis Report, Regional Outlook, Application Development Potential, Price Trends, Competitive Market Share & Forecast, 2020 - 2026 Competitive landscape reporting: market leaders and important players, competencies and capacities of these companies in terms of production as well as sustainability and prospects. When compared with corn on a per pound basis, grain sorghum feeding value ranges from 90% to nearly equal to corn. The dried leaves and stems form useful roughage for cattle and horses The objective in using sorghum varies with the type of animal to be fed. Forage sorghum silage has about 88% of the feed value of corn silage, but it is much more drought tolerant than corn. However, the greatest problem in sorghum is the wider variation in protein concentration as it ranges from below 7% to above 13%. Today, more than 500 million people in more than 30 different countries rely on sorghum as a key part of their diet. Brown varieties usually have a higher tannin content, but are more resistant to birds, diseases and adverse weather conditions. Feed Value of Forage Sorghum for Silage. The feed value (TDN) of sorghum silage per acre is about 90% that of corn silage. Specific to sorghum is the presence of tannins in the grains. Since the nutritional value of sorghum is broadly 85 percentage - 90 percentage of that of maize (due to the lower digestibility of the BUCHAREST 3-4 NOVEMBER 2016 GRAIN STRUCTURE 8 Fudulu CATALIN, The assets of sorghum grain in feed TYPICAL STRUCTURE FOR … Once Sorghum-Sudan grass begins to head out, the quality and feeding value drop drastically. 296 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<00437E56D1F6BE4EB9543D6B9B582BE3><3B70EF814947BE42B732684C5028A074>]/Index[290 15]/Info 289 0 R/Length 52/Prev 466031/Root 291 0 R/Size 305/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Good quality sorghum is having 95% or greater feeding value of yellow dent maize. h�bbd``b`�$k@��`���s�7Y����� �� Rising livestock-based food consumption is adding fuel to the growth of the market. In grain sorghum, panicles are compact and bear 25,000 to 60,000 seeds/kg. A good rule of thumb for application of N,P,K, and S in sorghum-sudan or sorghum is about half to two-thirds of that which would be used for a good corn crop. Or, if feed were short, the grower could hay or graze the second cutting. Sorghum grain (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Progress 02/06/08 to 02/05/13 Outputs Progress Report Objectives (from AD-416): The long-term objectives of this project are the development of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) germplasm lines with improved bioenergy, feed, and food value, and the elucidation of genetic, biochemical, and biological factors impacting these characters. These calculations can be performed on any set of feed analysis data which includes ADF and NDF. Forage sorghum yields 120,000-160,000 seeds/kg. Sorghum is among the top 5 most important cereal grains in terms of production, and a part of the grain production goes into processing.Increasing concern for healthy animal feed is driving the consumption of sorghum by-products. If planting sorghum or sorghum-sudan, remember it is a warm season crop needing warm soil (65 F to germinate) and weather. Traditionally the term “forage sorghum” has been a catch-all phrase for the different sorghum products used for feed or forage. Nutritional values will be approximately 7.5% crude protein, 52% TDN, 0.47 Mcal NEm/lb, 0.22 Mcal NEg/lb, 0.46% calcium, and 0.21% phosphorus. Fish fed the diet with low-tannin silage sorghum experienced the largest weight gain, followed by fish fed the diet with corn meal, and those fed the high-tannin sorghum diet. It’s rich in vitamins and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc. A true forage sorghum generally has little regrowth potential, making it ideal for single-cut, high-moisture harvest situations such as baleage or silage; a great alternative to corn silage in some environments. Sorghum grain (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench).The nutritional values for monogastric … Value-added Products Globally, about 50 percent of sorghum is consumed by humans, but in the United States over 90 percent of the sorghum consumed is used as a component in livestock feed. However, since the equations 2017 (Zhang et al., 2015), which might allow the production of high quality silages. endstream endobj startxref Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) grain is the fifth major staple cereal after wheat, rice, maize and barley. Forage sorghum is the highest yielding annual feedstock for the second generation biofuel industry in the northern Great Plains. The feed value (TDN) of sorghum silage per acre is about 90% that of corn silage. For silage choose forage sorghums, especially hybrids with high grain production. %%EOF Therefore, highly digestible and low in starch sorghum (BMR sorghums) is perfectly adapted to completed a feed ration based on silage maize. Sorghum contains slightly more protein than corn (9.5% vs. 8%), but its protein profile is equally Forage sorghum will tolerate lower soil fertility than corn and still produce reasonable yields, but forage sorghum also responds well to fertilization. Since sorghum is primarily used as a livestock feed in the United States, and it does not perform as well as corn (that is, it has a higher feed-to-weight-gain ratio and results in lower average daily gain for livestock) in this capacity, its price is lower. U.S. sorghum received high praise during the Changcheng Industry (CIPS) Pet Show this month in China, as the grain was recognized for its nutritional benefits and easy processing use in pet food. Surpluses are used as stock feed in instances where sorghum is competitive with other grain crops in terms of nutritive value and price. Feed Value of Forage Sorghum for Silage. 0 Also, forage sorghum is being looked at as a promising source of lignocellulosic feedstock for biofuels. 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