Surveillance Valley We help you design a study to answer your business questions and create a final deliverable that is insightful, persuasive AND visually compelling. They were fed a special Eastman Kodak 70 millimeter film that produced 170 lines per mm—more than three times the 50 lines/mm resolution earlier WWII aerial photography could compose. Isn’t it good to know that the CIA … Keyhole Inc also had one major client base: US military and intelligence agencies. Worldwide praise. First launched in 1976 by the NRO, it's the first US satellite to employ an EO digital sensor and charge-coupled device (CCD), which reportedly provides an Enemy of the State-style real-time observation capability. This one will be a little more involved, and take a little bit of time and planning so Im going to give it a shot. In accordance with section 3.6(a) of Executive Order 13526, the CIA can neither confirm nor deny the existence or nonexistence of records responsive to your request. The KH-11 KENNAN is the most advanced recon satellite to be unclassified. They stated that…, (b)(1) exempts from disclosure information currently and properly classified, pursuant to an Executive Order…, (b)(3) exempts from disclosure information that another federal statute protects, provided that the other federal statute either requires that the matters be withheld, or establishes particular criteria for withholding or refers to particular types of matters to be withheld. For now those questions remain unanswered, but hopefully not for long. The Hidden Connection Of the CIA and Google. I'm trying to pinpoint as best I can the moment when Google began transitioning from being a consumer-oriented Internet search company into the hybrid military-intelligence contractor that it is today. The first such program was the Corona project, a codeword itself code named "Discoverer" for the public explanation of why the government was firing a rocket into space (a rare event in the late 1950s that would have attracted a curious public and international scrutiny). There's also wide speculation that the KH-11 is the source of images declassified in the wake of the 1998 embassy bombings, as well as others of China and Russia declassified the year prior. In other words: What deal did Google -- now the biggest private surveillance operation on planet earth -- make with the CIA and the NSA, which run the largest government surveillance operations? Luckily, the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press (RCFP) gives a rundown of the meaning and intended use of these exemptions in a handy guide. They must have spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on this case alone. In 2004, Keyhole EarthViewer was acquired by another little startup that you may have heard of — Google. And so, back in May, I submitted a FOIA request to the CIA, asking for: 1) “… a copy of all correspondence (emails, letters, related documents and attachments) relating to Keyhole Inc. Did it impose conditions on Google? CIA identifies pressing problems, and In-Q-Tel provides the technology to address them. Some notable portfolio companies include Palantir, whose data mining software is used across public and private sector institutions, and Keyhole, a mapping firm acquired by Google. Google Earth originated as EarthViewer 3D from CIA-funded company Keyhole, which Google acquired in 2004. Its initial budget was a modest $108.2 million ($860 million adjusted to 2013), though that quickly increased following the 1960 incident in which Gary Powers' U2 was shot down over Soviet airspace. These 1500 kg Lockheed satellites were hastily constructed using the previously-cancelled Itek "E-5" camera in order to survey a rumored anti-ballistic missile site near Tallinn, Estonia. This Salt Lake City data center marks the third in the western region joining LA and Dalles, Oregon with the goal of providing lower latency compute power across the region. July 1, 2015, From The The early cameras could achieve a 40-foot resolution. One of the key, early backers of Keyhole was a firm called In-Q-Tel. That year, CIA funding was also being “quietly” funneled through the National Science Foundation to projects that might help create “new capabilities to combat terrorism through advanced technology.” The following year, Google bought the firm Keyhole, which had originally been funded by In … The technology has also found new use in providing tactical information to ground troops (not having to catch film canisters with sky hooks helps). An investment from the CIA-backed venture firm In-Q-Tel — who said they would use Keyhole’s tech to “support United States troops in Iraq” — kept them moving. Desk. Not only did the CIA deny my request, but it refused to admit or not admit that records pertaining to this transaction even existed — all in the name of national security. The second exemption (b)(3) is equally broad. Keyhole seemed a perfect fit. Of the 12 flights attempted, however, only five successfully put the unit in orbit. The most obvious question is: What prompted the acquisition? In its May 2, 1946 report, "Preliminary Design for an Experimental World Circling Spaceship," the Douglas Aircraft Corporation examined the potential value … The cryptonyms described in this article were in use at least from the 1950s to the 1980s. The acquisition would have gone unnoticed, had it not been for one not-so-tiny detail: Keyhole Inc was part-owned by the CIA and the "National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency" (NGA), a sister agency to the NSA. These 1150 - 1500 kg satellites manufactured by Lockheed Martin and operated by the NR used a single 76 mm focal length camera with a 140 meter resolution were operated primarily for map-making—they were the first to image Antarctica from space—and took less than a week to produce. Heck, the NRO was established in 1961 and operated for three decades before the government even ever acknowledged its existence. But with ever increasing film payloads, the final iteration of the KH-9 lasted 275 days in space. In the course of investigating the book, I've been digging deeper into Google's relationship with US military industrial complex. This $3.262 billion Lockheed-built NRO program is officially deemed a Broad Coverage Photo Reconnaissance satellite but is better known as "Big Bird." Electronic Briefing Book Secrecy and U.S. Satellite Reconnaissance, 1958-1976 Edited by Jeffrey Richelson. This was just one of many such deals. Did the Agency have any concerns? Gary Powers' U2 was shot down over Soviet airspace. Keyhole, Inc, founded in 2001, is a pioneering software development company specializing in geospatial data visualization applications. In 1999, the CIA chartered In-Q-Tel, a prestigious VC firm established to invest in technologies with national security applications. By 2003, the CIA’s strategic investment branch In-Q-Tel announced an investment in the company based on the software's ability "radically enhance critical decision making." The letter did not explain why these two in particular — (b)(1) and (b)(3) — were relevant to the decision to withhold the requested information. Why Google? The hotspots were San Diego and Salt Lake City. I purchased a Century Arms built AK-74 off an INGO member as a project rifle. A relationship that the CIA wants us to believe that, should it become public, could seriously harm national security and put all of our lives at risk. The 144-member family of Corona satellites—each designated Keyhole-#, or KH-#, depending on the spacecraft iteration—were produced and operated by the CIA in conjunction with the USAF and provided invaluable photographic surveillance of the Soviet Union as well as the People's Republic of China, and other Communist countries. The program began in 1959 at the Onizuka Air Force Station, ran until 1972, and was declassified in 1995 by President Clinton. The KH-5 ARGON ran in conjunction with Corona from 1961 to 1964, though never with the same degree of success. CIA, Google Earth, and Pokemon GO. The KH-6 Lanyard program was the NRO's first attempt at high definition photography but lasted just six months and three launches in 1963, two of which failed to produce images. Very little is known about the satellite's hardware though many have speculated that its roughly the same size as the Hubble Space Telescope with a similar 2.4-meter mirror producing a six inch resolution. 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